There is nothing better than an instant cup of coffee in the morning to raise your energy levels and get you active for the day. As a coffee lover, nothings beats a freshly brewed coffee in the morning. It is even better when you get to use homemade freshly ground coffee. unfortunately, not everyone has the time to grind their own coffee let alone take time to brew a fresh batch every morning. This is where instant coffee comes it. It provides you with a fast way to make fresh coffee in the morning while also giving you the flavor of quality, freshly roasted coffee.
How instant coffee powder is made – large scale factory process
The raw green coffee beans are sent out to the coffee factory from the farms. Once unloaded, the coffee is sifted with a machine and then washed to remove any dirt, dust or debris. The coffee is grouped to be processed as roasted coffee, green coffee, or instant coffee.
Green coffee has become a popular coffee drink in the coffee, health and weight loss community. For these reasons, many companies are also selling green coffee. All coffee starts off as green coffee, which is regular coffee that has not been subjected to the roasting process. So, it means they are sold completely raw and used to make coffee as they are green coffee has chlorogenic acid which gives it its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. It contains the same amount of caffein you would find in roasted coffee. Green coffee helps with weight loss, is a great detoxifier, helps regulate blood sugar and blood pressure and enhances mood and performance.
The next process involves roasting. This transforms the coffee from its fresh green state to a light brown or dark bean depending on the kind of roast. All factories have a personal temperature range to which they roast their Atlas coffee club for specific kind of taste.
Grill roasted coffee
For the next step, the roasted coffee beans are transferred to an automated grinder. Factory grinders are bigger and stronger than any kind of home grinder. It takes a couple of hours to grind the coffee. during the process, the coffee aromas are trapped through nitrogen gas that is contained to be used later in the process.
Given the weight of the coffee being processed, it is brewed in water in giant extraction containers. This process produces tones of black coffee.
The evaporation stage
The brewed coffee is filtered to remove any large coffee chunks that may ruin the results then the coffee is taken to an evaporation chamber. It takes several hours to separate the water from the coffee extract.
First, the coffee extract is prechilled to prepare it for freezing. It is then frozen in a giant freezer at temperatures ranging from 40 – 60 degrees Fahrenheit. Once frozen it is separated to granules.
Sublimation is used to convert the water in the granules that is in the form of ice to a gas without becoming a liquid. In this step, the coffee is heated in a vacuum and the water vaporizes in the form of steam. The coffee granules are now completely dry.
Reintroducing the lost aroma
Remember the nitrogen gas collected during the brewing process? It had trapped aroma of the coffee. before being packaged, the gas is pored over the coffee granules to reintroduce the aroma back into the ground coffee.
Finally, the freeze-dried coffee is packaged into small packets or jars. The packets and loids are air-tight sealed and sent out to the market.
How to make your own instant coffee powder – easy steps
There are a few tools you will need to make your instant coffee powder. They include
- Coffee beans
- A coffee grinder or a powerful food processor
- A strainer or very fine mesh sieve
- And an airtight container or bag.
How to make your own instant coffee powder
Measure out the amount of beans you want to use in the process. It could be one scoop of coffee beans or 10 depending on the number o servings or strength of coffee you wind.
Grind your coffee beans until they are super fine and start clamping together. Since its instant coffee, you want to make sure the coffee granules are ground to a baking sugar-like consistency or finer.
Por your ground coffee through the fine mesh then discard the large coffee particles.
Brind some fresh water to a boil, let it sit for close to a minute then port it over the finely ground coffee in your cup. Keep in mind that the home-made instant coffee will not be as smooth as the factory-made coffee due to the processes involved.